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2 edition of IMP dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis. found in the catalog.

IMP dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis.

Tai-wing Wu

IMP dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis.

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  • 40 Currently reading

Published in [Toronto] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Bacillus subtilis,
  • Inosine-5" -- monophosphate dehydrogenase

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsToronto, Ont. University.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 99 leaves.
    Number of Pages99
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20795317M

    Mutants of Bacillus subtilis which carried suppressor mutations for catabolite-resistance gene crsA47 were isolated from methylmethanesulfonate-treated cultures of GLU (crsA47).The suppressor mutation, sca19, suppressed resistance of crsA47 mutant to glucose and other inhibitors of sporulation. Moreover, the suppressor mutation could restore the rate of growth and the level of IMP. Mechanism-of-action (MOA) studies of bioactive compounds are fundamental to drug discovery. However, in vitro studies alone may not recapitulate a compound's MOA in whole cells. Here, we apply a chemogenomics approach in Candida albicans to evaluate compounds affecting purine metabolism. They include the IMP dehydrogenase inhibitors mycophenolic acid and mizoribine and the previously. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The genes encoding the enzymes of IMP biosynthesis in Bacillus subtilis constitute the pur operon, whereas the genes encoding GMP biosynthetic enzymes, guuA (GMP synthetase) and guaB (IMP dehydrogenase), and the purA gene encoding adenylosuccinate (sAMP) synthetase all occur as single units. The catalase, as was This study represented the first analysisdescribed for B. licheniformis and B. subtilis was of the extracellular proteome of a Bacillus speciesessential to ensure complete protection of cells in relation to plant growth enhancementagainst oxidative stress .

    IMP dehydrogenase, encoded by guaB, directs IMP toward formation of GTP, while adenylosuccinate synthetase, encoded by purA, sends IMP in the direction of ATP synthesis. B. subtilis strains with null mutations in either guaB or purA were constructed, grown in complete medium, and then resuspended in medium missing the component that each.


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IMP dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis. by Tai-wing Wu Download PDF EPUB FB2

Some of the kinetic properties of inosine 5′-phosphate (IMP) dehydrogenase purified from Bacillus subtilis have been described. K + can be replaced as an activator by other monovalent cations, whose activities are related to their ionic radii.

IMP dehydrogenase is stimulated by appropriate concentrations of adenosine 5′-phosphate, and is strongly inhibited by the antibiotic mycophenolic by: Bacillus Subtilis Molecular Sieve Reaction Type Phosphate Dehydrogenase Mycophenolic Acid These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.

This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Approximately 20% of cytoplasmic protein from the NB-Myco cell line was comprised of a 57 kDa protein demonstrated to be IMP dehydrogenase, which corresponded to a fold increase in abundance.

Measurements of enzyme activity revealed a lessor fold increase in IMP dehydrogenase activity for NB-Myco cells as compared to the parental NB by: 2. IMP dehydrogenase is the specific target of mycophenolicacid(8),anantibiotic thatinhibits GMP by:   Bacillus subtilis IMP dehydrogenase (ENA - CAA) Bacillus subtilis guaB gene for IMP dehydrogenase (ENA - X) Similar Articles.

To arrive at the top five similar articles we use a word-weighted algorithm to compare words from the Title and Abstract of each by: Purchase high purity recombinant enzyme Isocitrate dehydrogenase (B. subtilis) for use in research, biochemical enzyme assays and in vitro diagnost.

Bacillus subtilis global regulator CodY by direct interaction with branched-chain amino acids Robert P. Shivers and Abraham L. Sonenshein* Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Harrison Ave., Boston, MAUSA.

Summary CodY, a GTP-activated global transcriptional regula. Regarding feedback inhibition mechanism, enzyme activities are subjected to end product-feedback inhibition in purine pathway of B. subtilis, e.g. PRPP synthetase, PRPP amidotransferase, adenylsuccinate synthetase and IMP dehydrogenase [[],[]] (Figure 1 B).

PRPP amidotransferase, encoded by purF, catalyzes the initial reaction of purine pathway and is the key regulatory enzyme in. Bacillus subtilis grows in the absence of oxygen using nitrate ammonification and various fermentation processes.

Lactate, acetate, and 2,3-butanediol were identified in the growth medium as the major anaerobic fermentation products by using high-performance liquid chromatography.

Lactate formation was found to be dependent on the lctEP locus, encoding lactate dehydrogenase and a putative. «hide 10 20 30 40 50 mypdlkgkvv aitgaasglg kamairfgke qakvvinyys nkqdpnevke 60 70 80 90 evikaggeav vvqgdvtkee dvknivqtai kefgtldimi nnaglenpvp shemplkdwd kvigtnltga flgsreaiky fvendikgnv inmssvhevi pwplfvhyaa skggiklmte tlaleyapkg irvnnigpga intpinaekf adpkqkadve smipmgyige peeiaavaaw laskeasyvt gitlfadggm.

A Bacillus subtilis mutant with a deletion of citC, the gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase, the third enzyme of the tricarboxylic acid branch of the Krebs cycle, had a greatly reduced ability to sporulate.

Analysis of expression of lacZ fusions to. Adenylosuccinate synthetase (EC. ) encoded by purA in Bacillus subtilis, catalyzing the first step of the conversion of IMP to AMP, plays an important role in flux distribution in the purine biosynthetic this study, we described the use of site saturation mutagenesis to obtain a desired enzyme activity of adenylosuccinate synthetase and its application in flux regulation.

Published: 01 August Increased Inosine Production by a Bacillus subtilis Xanthine-Requiring Mutant Derived by Insertional Inactivation of the IMP Dehydrogenase Gene. Ken-ichiro Miyagawa 1 na1. Focusing on issues of gene organization, regulation, and evolution in the context of the whole life of the cell, this new volume complements the editors' classic volume Bacillus subtilis and Other Gram-Positive Bacteria.

IMP dehydrogenase activity of B. cereus increased parallel to cell growth in YE-EMM, where B. cereus did not sporulate. When B. cereus was cultured in a modified G medium, a sporulation medium, the activity reached the highest level at 6 hr and decreased thereafter.

After induction of sporulation by nutritional shift down in 1/ G medium, the enzyme activity decreased to about 5%. Bacillus subtilis is susceptible to a variety of bacteriophages, both virulent (lytic) and temperate (capable of forming lysogens).

Mutations in the operator or in the repressor sequence alter binding in ways that agree with evidence that the repressor interacts with the canonical operator sequence with specific amino acid-nucleotide interactions.

The Lys80, Gly82 and Met residues of glutamate dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis were mutated into a series of single mutants. The wild-type enzyme was highly specific for 2-oxoglutarate, whereas G82K and MS dramatically switched to increased specificity for oxaloacetate with k cat values and s −1, which were fold and fold higher respectively than those for 2.

in purine pathway of B. subtilis, e.g. PRPP synthetase, PRPP amidotransferase, adenylsuccinate synthetase and IMP dehydrogenase [5,14] (Figure 1B). PRPP amido-transferase, encoded by purF, catalyzes the initial reac-tion of purine pathway and is the key regulatory enzyme in this pathway.

Expression of purF is repressed at tran. Bacillus subtilis (strain ) Status. Reviewed-Annotation score: Experimental evidence at protein level i. Function i. Catalyzes the conversion of inosine 5'-phosphate (IMP) to xanthosine 5'-phosphate (XMP), the first committed and rate-limiting step in the de novo synthesis of guanine nucleotides, and therefore plays an important role in the.

subtilis dihydroorotate (DHO) dehydrogenase is composed of two subunits, PyrDI and PyrDII, which are homologues of PyrDb and PyrK, respectively.

The first complete purine nucleotide formed in the purine biosynthetic pathway is IMP, which is converted to AMP and GMP via two separate pathways.

The pathways by which purine bases and ribonucleosides are metabolized in B. subtilis are discussed. Different species of gram-positive bacteria show great variations in their abilities to metabolize bases and nucleosides.

A riboflavin-producing mutant B. subtilis RH13, with 8-azaguanine, decoyinine, and roseflavin resistance, was derived from B. subtilis by repeated rounds of random mutagenesis and selection. An integration vector pUCL92 was constructed by inserting a kb Pmodified rib operon (substituting the native ribP1 promoter and RFN regulatory element with the constitutive P43.

In Bacillus subtilis, the partial nucleotide limitation in-duces 5′-nucleotidase activity [20], and B. subtilis is used for fermentative inosine production, which may involve the dephosphorylation of IMP catalyzed by an unidenti-fied 5′-nucleotidase [21].

However, B. subtilis genes en-coding 5′-nucleotidase have remained to be identified. Conclusion. The R-BDH from Bacillus sp.

DL01 was characterized as a novel R-BDH with high enantioselectivity for considered NAD + and Zn 2+ dependant enzyme, with a significant affinity towards 3R/3S-AC, 2R,3R-BD, and Meso-BD substrates. Thus, R-BDH is providing an approach to regulate the production of 3R/3S-AC or 2,3-BD from Bacillus sp.

DL This chapter reviews current understanding of de novo purine nucleotide synthesis in Bacillus subtilis,with emphasis on recent developments in understanding gene organization and regulation and on the distinctive structural features of two enzymes of the pathway.

Genes for de novo purine nucleotide synthesis are found in four positions on the B. subtilis chromosome. Abstract In this study, the amino acid sequence of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) from a guanosine-overproducing strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciensTA was found to be highly conserved comparing to its analogue in B.

amyloliquefaciensFZB42, only with two substitutions of serine to proline and glutamic acid to lysine. Kanzaki, K. Miyagawa; Nucleotide sequence of the Bacillus subtilis IMP dehydrogenase gene, Nucleic Acids Research, Vol Is 25 NovemberPa We use cookies to enhance your experience on our continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

The maximum values of absorbance were and at nm. It was concluded from the above results that soil is the main habitat of many microorganisms and among these microorganisms Bacillus subtilis was found to produce protease enzyme. Keywords: Bacillus subtilis, industrial areas of Lahore, spores, zone formation test, protease enzyme, soil.

The B. subtilis citH gene encodes the sole malate dehydrogenase (MDH) of this organism, as judged by total loss of MDH enzyme activity and at least partial aspartate auxotrophy in a citH null mutant. The citB gene is upstream of and divergently transcribed from cotK in all Bacillus spp.

examined. The enzymes for the dicarboxylic acid part of. The gene-enzyme relationship has been established for most of the steps of the purine de novo biosynthetic pathway in Bacillus subtilis. The synthesis of inosine monophosphate (IMP) involves ten steps, and the branching from IMP to AMP and to guanosine monophoshate (GMP) synthesis both require two steps.

To avoid confusion in the nomenclature of the pur genes we have adopted the. Bacillus subtilis and Streptomyces spp. provide tractable experimental systems for studying cellular responses to adverse environmental conditions.

During conditions of extreme nutrient limitation, these prokaryotes exhibit a wide range of adaptations, including the production and secretion of antib. Wild-type Bacillus subtilis ferments 20 g/liter glucose in 48 h, producing lactate and butanediol, but not ethanol or acetate.

To construct an ethanologenic B. subtilis strain, homologous recombination was used to disrupt the native lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) gene (ldh) by chromosomal insertion of the Zymomonas mobilis pyruvate decarboxylase gene (pdc) and alcohol dehydrogenase.

Bacillus subtilis cells were exposed to decoyinine to trigger stringent transcription control through inhibition of GMP synthase; amino acid starvation results in the same control through inhibition of GMP kinase by 5′-diphosphate 3′-diphosphate guanosine.

The positive and negative transcription control of the stringent genes involves adenine and guanine at the transcription initiation. purifiedfromB.

subtilis (Table2). Bothenzymepreparations showedcross-reactivity withantibody preparedagainst glu-cose dehydrogenase fromB. subtilis (data not shown). The sequence of the first 49 amino acids at the NH2 terminus of glucose dehydrogenase, purified from sporulating B.

subtilis cells, was determined by automated Edman degradations. Enhancing the production of poly-γ-glutamate in Bacillus subtilis ZJS18 by the heat- and osmotic shock and its mechanism.

Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology: Vol. 50. The combination of glutamate and IMP results in a synergistic flavor enhancement 30 times that of glutamate alone (Sanchez and Demain, ). IMP is produced commercially by the chemical phosphorylation of inosine (Shibai, Enei, & Hirose, ) that is produced from auxotrophic strains of B.

subtilis. The expression of the pur operon, which encodes enzymes of the purine biosynthetic pathway in Bacillus subtilis, is subject to control by the purR gene product (PurR) and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate. This control is also exerted on the purA and purR genes.

A consensus sequence for the binding of PurR, named the PurBox, has been suggested (M. Kilstrup, S. Jessing, S. Wichmand-Jørgensen. synthesis. Purine auxotrophic mutants of B. subtilis show repressed levels of three of the enzymes of IMP biosynthesis, when grown with adenosine, guanosine or inosine.

Furthermore, adenosine decreases the level of sAMP synthetase and guanosine decreases the level of IMP dehydrogenase (Nishikawa et al., ). Similar. In order to test a possible approach to enhance fermentative inosine production by Bacillus subtilis, seven gene-targeted mutations were introduced in the laboratory standard strain in a stepwise fashion.

The mutations were employed in order to prevent inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) from being co. The tests were performed on 19 strains of gram-negative bacteria and 27 strains of gram-positive bacteria.

At pHGTE effectively inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus brevis, B. cereus, B. subtilis except is IFO, Vibrio alginolyticus, V.

cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnifivus at less than ppm. GudB seems to be intrinsically inactive, however spontaneous mutations removing a 9-bp direct repeat within the wild-type gudB sequence activated the GudB protein and allowed more-efficient utilization of amino acids of the glutamate family.

This insertion presumably causes severe destabilization of the fold of the protein, leading to an inactive enzyme that is very quickly degraded.The ADH reduces prochiral ketones stereoselectively to chiral alcohols. The reduction requires NADPH, which was regenerated by the glucose dehydrogenase.

Glucose dehydrogenase from B. subtilis (EC ) is a tetramer with a molecular weight ofThe enzyme shows a pH optimum at and a broad temperature optimum at °C.APPL.

ENVIRON. MICROBIOL. were harvested, washed with 50 mM KH2PO4- K2HPO4buffer (pH ), and exposed to or ,ug ofN-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine perml in the samephosphate buffer for 30to 50minin an ice bath.

The N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguani-dine-treated cells werewashed, diluted, andplaced on medium 2 agar plates supplemented with DL- methionine andDL-MSO.